There are three basic types of home hospital beds: full electric, semi electric and manual. Full- and semi-electric beds have the same electric functions for raising and lowering the head and foot sections. The difference between the two is that a full electric frame height adjusts with an electric motor and the frame height on a semi is adjusted with a hand crank. A manual bed has hand adjustment for all three functions.
Full electric beds are difficult to get funded through insurance carriers and require a prior authorization if it is a covered option. The electric frame height adjustment is not usually considered medically necessary. Many people will not need to change the frame height once the bed is set to the proper height for the user. Some people will adjust the frame height higher or lower it so they will be transferring “downhill” either into or out of the bed.